Study the words and the word-combinations.
painting – картина, живопись
an artist – художник
a portrait – портрет
a painter - художник
heritage – наследие
a novelist – романист
immortal – бессмертный
fairy tales – сказки
improve – улучшать
invent – изобретать
an invention – изобретение
a discovery – открытие
steam engine – паровая машина
nuclear – ядерный
mould – плесень
I.Complete the sentences using the following words:
Nuclear, artists, to improve, discovered, heritage, inventions.
1)The men who make money from the sale of paintings are not the… themselves but the dealers.
2)In a remote desert area, geologists … rich deposits of iron ore.
3)Michael Faraday’s work on electro-magnetism led to many modern … .
4)British writers have left a rich … of poems and novels.
5)Discoveries of British scientists helped … the life of people.
6)The British scientist Rutherford made a lot of discoveries in … physics.
II.Choose the correct definition for each term
1)A person who paints pictures is…
2)A picture made with paints of different colours is…
3)A painting or a photograph of a real person or a group of people is…
4)A picture with a wide view of country scenery is…
5)A book for children with stories about magical events is…
III. Read the text.
Outstanding People of Great Britain
Painting of old masters is one of the greatest treasures mankind has collected in the history of civilization. Old painting reflects the collective experience of human spiritual life of many centuries.
Painting in England in the 17th – 19th centuries is represented by a number of great artists. Such masters as Reynolds, Gainsborough, Lawrence and Raeborn created the impressive formal style of portrait.
By the end of the 18th century a school of landscape painting was firmly established in England. It reached its culmination in the early 19th century in the works of two greatest English landscape painters – John Constable and Joseph Turner. They represented two different trends in English painting: Constable – Realistic trend and Turner – Romantic trend.
Constable may be regarded as the splendid prose of earth; Turner gives us the poetry of the earth.
Literature plays a key role in global culture. It educates and entertains us, brings past centuries to life and helps us to understand our deepest dreams and fears. Literature is the developed world’s most dynamic and popular art form.
In Britain there are also a lot of outstanding poets and writers. The most prominent is William Shakespeare. He is the greatest poet and dramatist. He wrote 37 plays. He is also known as the author of 154 sonnets.
Robert Burns is a famous Scottish national poet. He left behind him a rich heritage of folksongs and poetry.
The greatest novelists are Walter Scott, a great master of the historical novel and Charles Dickens, who wrote many stories about childhood.
Jonathan Swift is the greatest satirist in the history of British literature. He is the author of the immortal work “Gulliver’s Travels”.
Oscar Wilde wrote many poems, fairy tales, plays, critical essays and the novel “The Picture of Dorian Gray”.
In all epoch there were people who tried to use their knowledge to improve their life and life of other people.
The industrial technologies were perfected more and more intensively. The new inventions came up very often. Some of them, for example Watt’s steam engine has played the relevant role in life of mankind. All of patterns remember also other great scientists: Newton and his theory of gravitation, Rutherford and his discoveries in nuclear physics, and his theory of the structure of the atom.
Alexander Fleming’s discovery of the antibacterial powers of the mould from which penicillin is derived was a great triumph.
IV. Answer the questions to the text.
1)What is one of the greatest treasures mankind has collected?
2)What great British artists do you know?
3)Does literature play a key role in global culture?
4)What famous British poets and novelists do you know?
5)What works of famous British writers do you know?
6)What famous British scientists do you know?
7)What discoveries have British scientists made?
8)What Fleming’s discovery was a great triumph?
V. Mark the statements below as “True” or “False”.
1)Old painting reflects the collective experience of human spiritual life of many centuries.
2)By the end of the 20th century a school of landscape painting was firmly established in England.
3)Literature plays a key role in global culture.
4)Walter Scott is the greatest satirist in the history of British literature.
5)The novel “The Picture of Dorian Gray” is written by W. Shakespeare.
6)Oscar Wilde wrote many poems and fairy tales.
7)In all epoch there were people who tried to use their knowledge to improve their life and life of other people.
8)Newton discovered the theory of gravitation.
VI. Match to make sentences.
1)John Constable may be regarded as
2)Joseph Turner gives us
3)William Shakespeare is
4)Robert Burns left behind him
5)Walter Scott wrote
6)Jonathan Swift is
7)Oscar Wilde wrote many
8)Watt’s steam engine has played
9)Rutherford made discoveries
10)Alexander Fleming’s discovery of the antibacterial powers of the mould
a)a reach heritage of folksongs and poetry.
b)the greatest satirist in the history of British literature.
c)the splendid prose of earth.
d)the relevant role in life of mankind.
e)the most prominent poet and writer.
f)in nuclear physics.
g)from which penicillin is derived was a great triumph.
h)the poetry of the earth.
i)poems, fairy tales, plays and critical essays.
j)a great number of the historical novels.
VII. Choose the correct answer.
1)Gainsborough created the impressive formal style of… .
2)John Constable is the greatest English … painter.
3)W. Shakespeare is the greatest … .
4)Robert Burns left behind him a rich heritage of … .
5)Jonathan Swift is the author of the immortal work … .
a)“The picture of Dorian Gray”
6)Walter Scott was a great master of the historical … .
7)Oscar Wilde wrote many … .
8)Rutherford made discoveries in … .
a)antibacterial power of the mould
b)the theory of gravitation
9)Alexander Fleming discovered … .
a)the steam engine
c)the theory of gravitation
d)the structure of the atom
Обсудить на форуме