Группа времен Simple

Автор: Maxvel 2-02-2016, 12:36

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Present

Past

Future

Affirmative

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->I

We

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->You              work

They

 

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->He

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->She              works

It

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->I

We

You

They                worked

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->He

She

It

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]--><!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->I               shall work

We

 

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->You

They

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->He             will work

She

It

Negative

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->I

We            do not

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->You          (don’t) work

They

 

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->He            does not

She           (doesn’t)

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->It              work

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->I

We

You             did not

They            (didn’t)

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->He               work

She

It

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->I         shall not (shan’t)

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->We     will not (won’t) work

 

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->You

They         will not

He             (won’t)

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->She            work

It

Interrogative

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]--><!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->I

Do              we        work?

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]--><!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->you

they

 

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]--><!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->he

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]--><!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->Does           she       work?

it

 

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]--><!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->I

we

you

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->Did          they      work?

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->he

she

it

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]--><!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]--><!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]--><!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->Shall         I        work?

we

 

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]--><!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->you

they

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->Will          he        work?

<!--[if gte vml 1]><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->she

it

 

Времена группы Indefinite обозначают обычное, регулярное, повторяющееся действие, либо указывают на сам факт его совершения в настоящем, прошедшем и будущем.

С временами группы Indefinite обычно употребляются следующие словосочетания:

1. Present Indefinite: often, seldom, always, usually, regularly, every day, sometimes, as a rule.

2. Past Indefinite: yesterday, last week (month, year), the day before yesterday, ago. Все английские глаголы делятся на правильные и неправильные. Правильные глаголы образуют формы Past Indefinite путем прибавления суффикса -еd к основе глагола; to stop — stopped — stopped.

Формы неправильных глаголов следует заучивать; to write — wrote — written.

3. Future Indefinite: tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next week (month, year), in a day (week, month).

Future Indefinite не употребляется в придаточных предложениях времени и условия после союзов if, when, before, after, as soon as, till, until. В этих предложениях вместо Future Indefinite употребляется Present Indefinite. На русский язык переводится будущим временем. Например: I shall enter the University when I finish school. Я поступлю в университет, когда закончу школу.

 

 

EXERCISES

 

Exercise 1. Analyze the use of the tenses in the following sentences.

 

1. Dogs bark but do not always bite. 2. Does your cat drink milk? 3. Man proposes, God disposes. 4. Misfortunes never come singly. 5. If we take a taxi, we shall be in time there. 6. The train leaves at 12.30.

1.Charles Babbage,a professor of mathematics at Cambridge University, invented the first calculating machine in 1812. 2. Long, long time ago the people of Egypt made paper from the tall grass that grew on the banks of the river Nile. 3. Once there was a man who went to the market every day. He used to go there at the same time and always bought three loaves of bread. 4. Where did you spend your last holidays? 5. I didn’t go out yesterday. 

1. I shall make coffee for you. 2. In five years he will work as a lawyer. 3. Don’t bother. I’ll drive you home. 4. A drowning man will catch at a straw. 5. The bag is too heavy. I’ll help you with it. 6. I won’t tell anybody about it. 7. Will you open the window, please? 8. Shall I read the text?

 

Exercise 2. Make the sentences negative and interrogative.

 

1. He plays tennis twice a week. 2. Yesterday we went to University on foot. 3. Nick will work  as a teacher. 4. My friend saw an interesting film last Tuesday. 5. Her cousin will go abroad next summer. 6. She entered the Economic Faculty. 7. They usually buy newspapers in the morning. 8. We shall make coffee for him. 9. Dan studies at the University.

 

Exercise 3. Put general questions to the following statements and give short and full answers to them.

 

1. I know him well. 2. Our  English teacher speaks three foreign languages. 3. We shall move to a new flat next month. 4. He sold his car last week. 5. They arrived home an hour ago. 6. The children often swim in the  river. 7. In five years he will work as an economist. 8. It takes me ten minutes to get to university.

 

Exercise 4. Put questions to the italicized words.

 

1. The train leaves at 9. 2. We have supper at 8 p. m. 3. Old ladies like to sit by fire. 4. His grandparents live in Glasgo. 5. He visits his grandparents very often. 6. Her brother made three mistakes in his test. 7. He worked at a plant last year. 8. They will remember this day  forever. 9. My father usually watches TV in the evening.

 

Exercise 5. Open the brackets using the necessary tense form.

 

1. Nurses (look) after patients in hospitals. 2. Ann (play) the piano,but she (not play) it very well. 3. At night when it (get) dark, they (switch) on the TV or the radio and (listen) to music. 4. I (learn) to drive a car some years ago.5. As soon as he (come) home, I’ll phone you. 6. I (see) you next week? 7. You (mind) if I (ask) you a question? –That (depend) on the question. 8. You (go) abroad last year? 9. Mr. Brown (be) forty next April. 10. How old you (be) next year? 11. I (not want) to see John, so when he (enter) the room I (leave). 12. If it (not rain) tomorrow we (go) to the country. 13. Why you (not switch) the light when you (leave) the house? 14. It often (snow) in your country in winter? 15. His mother often (tell) him that he (spend) too much money but he never (listen). 16. You (not get) any sweets until you (tidy up) your room. 17. The train (arrive) at 12.30. 18. I (not write) to him unless he (write) to me.

 

 

Exercise 6. Translate into English.

 

1. Она не говорит по-французски. 2. Она вошла в комнату, сняла пальто и надела тапочки. 3. Где работает твой отец? 4. Завтра будет дождь? 5. Мы не видели этот фильм. Мы хотим посмотреть его в воскресенье. 6. Боюсь, что когда он придет меня не будет дома. 7. Нам делать это упражнение? 8. Дети съели яблоки, не правда ли?



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